First Phoenician DNA is European

Traditional historical accounts which claim the Phoenicians were all Semitic has been turned on its head with the news that ancient DNA extracted from a 2,500-year-old Phoenician skeleton has unquestionably shown European racial origins.

The study found that the Y-Chromosome of the famous “’Young Man of Byrsa,” was an extremely rare—and exclusively European marker—and that this is likely the result of extensive admixture with Europeans.

byrsa

The ‘Young Man of Byrsa” skeleton.

The study, published in the PLOS ONE journal, was conducted by a research team under the leadership of Elizabeth A. Matisoo-Smith, Professor of Anatomy, from New Zealand’s University of Otago, and is titled “A European Mitochondrial Haplotype Identified in Ancient Phoenician Remains from Carthage, North Africa.”

Professor Matisoo-Smith’s team recovered DNA from the skeleton found in a tomb in Carthage, Tunisia in 1994. It is the very first ancient DNA to be obtained from Phoenician remains.

Professor Matisoo-Smith said the findings provide the earliest evidence of the European mitochondrial haplogroup U5b2c1 in North Africa and date its arrival to at least the late sixth century BC.

“U5b2c1 is considered to be one of the most ancient haplogroups in Europe and is associated with hunter-gatherer populations there. It is remarkably rare in modern populations today, found in Europe at levels of less than 1 percent,” she said.

While the Phoenicians are thought to have originated from the area that is now Lebanon, their influence expanded across the Mediterranean and west to the Iberian Peninsula where they established settlements and trading posts.

The city of Carthage in Tunisia, North Africa, was established as a Phoenician port by colonists from Lebanon and became the center for later Phoenician (Punic) trade.

Later, Carthage became Rome’s greatest early enemy, and a series of wars, known as the Punic Wars, erupted, ending in Carthage’s total destruction, resulting in the effective disappearance of the Phoenician culture.

Previous research has found that U5b2c1 was present in two ancient hunter-gatherers recovered from an archaeological site in northwestern Spain, Professor Matisoo-Smith said.

“This result not only provides the first direct ancient DNA evidence of a Phoenician individual but the earliest evidence of a European mitochondrial haplogroup, U5b2c1, in North Africa,” the research paper continues.

The paper said that items buried with the skeleton dated from the late sixth century BC. The first indication that he was not Semitic came with a cranial analysis, the paper said: “An osteological analysis of the young man from Byrsa, or Ariche, as he has become known, determined that he was approximately 1.7 m tall and aged between 19 and 24 years, and a craniometric analysis indicated likely Mediterranean/European ancestry as opposed to African or Asian.”

With reference to the DNA results—extracted from a rib bone the team was allowed to study—the paper said that “Haplogroup U5 is considered to be one of the most ancient haplogroups in Europe and is believed to have arisen there.

“It is not uncommon in Mesolithic European populations, particularly those from Central and Eastern Europe.

“Haplogroup U5b2c1 has been identified in both La Braña 1 and 2, the 7000-year-old remains recovered from the La Braña-Arintero site in León in Northwestern Spain. All of the reported U5b2c1 carriers are of presumably (if not specifically stated) European ancestry, from Spain, Portugal, England, Ireland, Scotland, the United States, and Germany.”

“While the U5b2c2 sequences all originate in Central and Northwestern European or likely derived populations (e.g. US Caucasian), and the U5b2c sequences in GenBank originate in Germany and England respectively (both samples from Family Tree DNA), it is likely that U5b2c originated in Central/Northwestern Europe,” the paper said, adding that additional DNA results indicated a close relationship to one living person in Portugal.

The paper then points out that it is “unlikely” that the subject of the study was directly descended from colonizers from Lebanon, “as the haplogroup U5b2c has not been identified in our modern Lebanese samples or in ancient (early Neolithic, PPNB) remains from the Levant.”

The man’s origin is therefore from Europe, the paper goes on: “Given that haplogroup U5b2c1 has not been previously reported in North Africa, we suggest that the ancestry of our young man is likely traced to some population across the Mediterranean, which is consistent with his proposed European cranial traits.”

The paper then poses the question: “So how did a young Phoenician man, with a European mitochondrial lineage, end up in Carthage, North Africa?”

The answer to this, the paper continues, is that there was a population transference from Europe to Carthage at some earlier point in history.

“The earliest Phoenician site in Iberia is believed to be Gadir or Cadiz as it is known today, established in 1110 BC. Phoenician colonies were also established in Ibiza, southern Sardinia, western Sicily, and along the southern shores of the Iberian Peninsula and, later, these were also major Carthaginian trade ports.

“It has been suggested that the Phoenician east-west trade route from Tyre and Sidon across the Mediterranean and through the Straits of Gibraltar departed following a northerly route, travelling with the prevailing winds and tides westward, stopping in Cyprus, Sicily, Ibiza, and several locations along the southern coast of Spain, reaching Cadiz and beyond.”

The highest modern frequency of the haplogroup today is in the Iberian Peninsula and U5b2c1 was also present there in Mesolithic hunter gatherers, it continues, saying that the most likely explanation is that “individuals carrying these ancient European lineages were transported to Carthage via the Phoenician/Punic trade networks.”

In other words, by the time of the Roman-Punic Wars, the racial makeup of the Phoenician people was clearly different to that which it had been in the preceding centuries. This conclusion is highly significant for a greater understanding of ancient history, and the conflict between Rome and Carthage in particular.

Eastern Europe Comes into Focus

Eastern Europe is, as predicted in Nova Europa, rapidly coming to the fore as a bastion for the preservation of European civilization. For this, we can ironically thank western European liberals and Angela Merkel in particular, who, for reasons of their own, have decided to dramatically accelerate the nonwhite invasion of Europe.

prague

As pointed out in Nova Europa, Western Europe, for the last thirty years, has been steadily taking in an increasing number of Third World immigrants, driven by their deliberately race-blind worldview.

The same process has been underway in the US ever since the 1965 Immigration Act, and shortly after that, in Australia as well, where immigration policies were deliberately shifted away from their previously European origins to allow mass Third World immigration.

This steady stream of Third World immigration has been much like the proverbial “frog in the boiling water” analogy—where, as the theory goes, a frog in a pot of water which is slowly heated up is cooked before it realizes it is in trouble, having steadily adjusted to the gradual temperature change.

The parallel being that Europeans—and Americans—have gradually adjusted to Third World immigration to the point where they now stand at the point of becoming minorities in their own countries.

Eastern Europe has, for a number of reasons, been largely spared this process: firstly, due to the fact that until 1990 they were locked down behind the Iron Curtain, and secondly, because the richer west of Europe offered better pickings for the Third Worlders.

The sudden mass invasion of Europe which started in 2015 when Merkel officially opened Germany’s doors has disturbed this frog in the boiling water scenario. Now, no longer is the water slowly heating up, but it is suddenly scalding.

Eastern Europe has reacted as one would expect all healthy life forms to react: with horror at the thought of being boiled alive, or, in real terms, being overrun by the Third World within a generation (as Germany seems intent on doing).

It is the Eastern European nations which have built the fences to keep out the invaders.

It is the Eastern European nations which have refused to agree to Merkel’s plan to “distribute” the “refugees” among the European Union (EU) member states. (It is even possible that the Eastern European states may yet be forced out of the EU because of their refusal to accept the suicidal policies adopted by the western European states—and anyone interested in that aspect should keep an eye on the Visegrad group of states which has emerged, as a potential alternative to the EU.)

In addition, the nations of Eastern Europe have demonstrated a political willpower to resist, which is not seen at all in the West.

It should not be forgotten that the vast majority of the population in all the western European nations vote en masse for parties which supported—and continue to support—the mass Third World invasion.

As Nova Europa pointed out, those Europeans who seek to preserve European civilization will, at some stage, have to accept a simple fact.

This fact is that the deliberately race-blind white liberals, and the stupid, uninformed, or disinterested whites who appear to make up the majority population of many western European states, are not going to be “saved.”

In fact, their liberalism, or ignorance, is going to act as a huge natural selection process. The stupid, the weak, the ignorant, the childless, the liberals—are all going to be weeded out—just by being themselves.

Eastern Europeans have, however, reacted as a healthy people should: they have rallied to parties which have declared their opposition to the Third World invasion.

In an almost clean sweep of the elections, Poland voted in the Law and Justice party (PiS) which is completely dedicated to preventing Poland turning into a Third World squatter camp.

In Hungary, the soft-conservative Fidesz party has been forced—by popular opinion—to adopt the majority of the policies of the Jobbik party—and is hugely popular as a result.

The Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania, and Bulgaria, have all in one form or another, already indicated their intention not to be colonized by the Third World.

Finally, the nations which lie further east: Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine, and “white” Russia (that is, Russia west of the Urals), have not even been tested on this topic yet. There is, however, little doubt about on which side of the fence they will fall—even in the Ukraine, once they stop their own mad civil war.

There can be little doubt that within the very near future Eastern Europe will take on the mantle of defender of European civilization, and, ultimately, the European heartland which will serve as a homeland and regeneration point for the European people.

“Ancient Multi-ethnic London” Lies Exposed

New claims by the Museum of London—replicated throughout the controlled media—that London has always been as “ethnically diverse” as it is now are easily disprovable lies being used to justify the ethnic cleansing of the city of white people.

The AFP newswire coverage of the story is a case in point:

A DNA analysis of four ancient Roman skeletons found in London shows the first inhabitants of the city were a multi-ethnic mix similar to contemporary Londoners, the Museum of London said on Monday.

AFP-mix

Firstly, they are deliberately confusing ethnicity and race.

Ethnicity is a cultural term, such as ‘German,’ ‘English,’ ‘Polish,’ or ‘Irish.’ Ethnicity is most often expressed in linguistic boundaries.

Race, however is a genetic term, and all Europeans have genetic commonality. The Museum of London is deliberately mixing up these two meanings to try and create the impression that London has always been racially diverse—when in fact all the evidence shows that it has always been racially homogenous until the advent of present-day Third World immigration.

All Europeans are comprised of a number of genetic strains which came together in three distinct waves, dating from the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Indo-European eras, which stretched over 40,000 years in total.

As a result, any investigation of European genetics will find shared DNA, and consequently that European national boundaries are the product of language rather than race.

The existence of common DNA strings in any given European nation does not mean that that nation is ‘ethnically diverse,’ merely that they share a common origin founding population which created Europe.

The claims by the Museum of London that the Roman-founded city’s population was “similar to contemporary Londoners,” does not stand up to the test of history, DNA, or even the ‘new’ analysis of the skeletons now being boasted about in the controlled media.

The new “multi-ethnic” claim is based on DNA-analysis of just four skeletons—hardly a scientifically accepted sample size, bearing in mind that at its height, Roman London had a population of at least 60,000.

Furthermore, of the four skeletons, only one is claimed to have DNA originating outside of Europe—and even that claim is highly dubious.

BBC-Mix

According to the BBC’s coverage of the “multi-ethnic London” story, the first skeleton, called the “Lant Street teenager,” showed that she “grew up in North Africa” but that her female DNA (mitochondrial DNA, or mtDNA) is common in southern and Eastern Europe. She had blue eyes, the study said.

skeleton-01Then, in a ridiculously unscientific manner, the BBC article claims that there ‘were things about her skeleton that suggested she had some Sub-Saharan African ancestry’—in other words, the claim to what they incorrectly call multi-ethnicity is based upon some unspecified ‘thing’ about the skeleton—while at the same time they say that all the DNA evidence shows that she was European.

In reality, racial skeletal differences are vast and easily discernable to the naked eye, and any expert would have no trouble at all in definitively asserting racial origins based on a study of such a complete skeleton. No ‘suggesting’ would have to be done.

The second skeleton analyzed, known as the “Mansell Street man,” showed that he had dark brown hair and brown eyes. According to the BBC, his “mitochondrial DNA line was from North Africa and his remains show African traits as well.”

The Mansell Street man could well have non-European origins. It is well known that the Roman legions employed mercenaries from all over their empire, and there are recorded instances of some troops stationed along the Hadrian Wall being of non-European, or Middle Eastern, extraction. Their numbers were however tiny, especially when compared to the overall size of the population of Britain.

But, even more importantly, the Museum of London and the controlled media are either being incredibly ignorant, or willfully deceptive by insinuating that the present-day population of North Africa resembled that of 2,000 years ago.

In ancient times, North Africa had a huge original white European presence, known as the ‘old Europeans.’ It was these people who played a major role in creating the Carthaginian civilization, based in present-day Tunisia.

The Carthaginians were early Rome’s greatest enemy, and the famous Punic Wars between Rome and Carthage raged from 264 BC to 146 BC. That was the era of the famous Hannibal of Carthage, who came close to conquering Rome. He was a Carthaginian hero, and coins were issued in his time showing his face—and his European-origin race is clear from these depictions.

hannibal-coin

The face of Hannibal, Carthage’s greatest warrior, from a silver coin struck at that city around 220 BC.

The Roman province of Africa consisted of a large piece of North African territory, and a vast network of European cities were built up, many of which can be seen to the present day.

Egypt, for its part, after its final collapse into multiracial backwardness around 800 BC, was occupied by the white Macedonians under Alexander the Great in 323 BC.

For the next 275 years, the white Macedonians ruled Egypt in a dynasty known as the Ptolemaic Kingdom. Their last ruler was the most famous queen of all, Cleopatra (actually the seventh queen of that name).

Despite propaganda to the contrary, Cleopatra and the Ptolemaic ruling elite were not African, but European Macedonian. After the fall of Cleopatra, Egypt also came under Roman rule.”

From this understanding of North African history, it is clear that the Roman-era population of North Africa contained a large residual European element. Given the ancient history, it is therefore highly likely that genes found in Europe can also be found among the present day North Africa population.

This does not however mean that a Roman-era skeleton found in London is multiracial—all it means is that some other Romans left similar genes among the gene pool of present-day North Africans.

The third skeleton used as “evidence” by the Museum of London to “prove” London’s “multi-ethnicity” is known as the “Gladiator.” According to the BBC, his mother’s ancestral line “is common in Eastern Europe and the Middle East.”

Once again, this is perfectly normal for European mtDNA, which, as the genetic research website Eupedia correctly points out, is not as accurate in measuring ethnic ancestry as Y-DNA, or male ancestry is.

In fact, Eupedia even specifically says that in ‘Europe, mtDNA haplogroups are quite evenly spread over the continent, and therefore cannot be associated easily with ancient ethnicities.’

European-mtdna-map

A distribution map of European mtDNA,indicating the continent wide diversity of Europe;s founding maternal population. For the Museum of London to claim that this shows the “ethnic diversity” of Roman London, is laughably ignorant, if not a malicious lie.

Furthermore, the ‘youngest’ mtDNA in Europe which is claimed to have originated in the Middle East, the K1 haplogroup, dates from 12,000 years ago, further casting doubt over any claim of ‘multi-ethnicity, as this gene would have been part of present-day Europe’s founding population.

The fourth and final skeleton used by the Museum of London’s “multi-ethnic” claim is known as the “Harper Road woman,” who had brown hair and brown eyes, but, as the BBC admits, was a native Briton.

This fourth skeleton was clearly one of the Old European R1B haplogroup-Britons, from whom nearly 70 percent of the present-day inhabitants of Britain originate, a figure which rises to 90 percent in Ireland.

r1b-dna-distribution

In conclusion, it can be seen that of the four skeletons used by the Museum of London and the controlled media to allegedly ‘prove’ how ‘ethnically diverse’ Roman-era London was, only one is possibly of non-European origin.

This is very different to media claims that ‘DNA has confirmed that London was an ethnically diverse city from its very beginnings’ and similar such nonsense.

On the contrary, London, founded by the Romans, was a European city.

It is clear that the ‘multi-ethnic’ claim is being invented to try and justify the current Third World invasion of London which has turned it into a minority white city in just three decades.

To even suggest that Roman London was as “ethnically diverse” as present-day London, which has large numbers of Bangladeshis, Chinese, Ghanaians, Indians, Jamaicans, Nigerians, Pakistanis, and Turks, is an outright lie.

It is based on a politically-biased ‘interpretation’ given to just one skeleton’s dubious DNA, and is a deliberate deception, presented as fact to justify the ethnic cleansing of white European people fromBritain’s capital city.

Mail-Whites-Minorty-London

Mass Nonwhite Invasion of America Adds One New Person Every 16 Seconds, says US Census Bureau

The ongoing Third World invasion of America has reached tsunami proportions, and added at least 11.3 million individuals to the total US population in the space of four years, according to new figures from the US Census Bureau.

train1

According to a year-end special report, the Third World invasion now adds one person every sixteen seconds to the US population.

In total, the US population was estimated to be 320,090,857 on January 1, 2015.

This represents an increase of 2,334,187, or 0.73 percent, from New Year’s Day 2014, and 11,345,319, or 3.67 percent, since Census Day (April 1) 2010.

In January 2015, the US is expected to experience a birth every eight seconds and one death every 12 seconds—with the vast majority of those natural deaths being in the white element of the population, which demographically speaking, falls into the older spectrum of the age spread.

According to the Census Bureau statement, “net international migration is expected to add one person to the US population every 33 seconds. The combination of births, deaths and net international migration increases the US population by one person every 16 seconds.”

According to the Census Bureau’s estimates for 2013, the US population stood at 316,128,839, of whom, it claimed, some 62.6 percent were white.

The US Government’s definition of “white” is however hopelessly inaccurate, exemplified by the fact that the Federal government’s official definition of “white” is a “person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.”

Given this fact, and the reality that all racial classifications in the US are self-chosen, it is clear that the actual percentage of European-origin people in America is well below the official 62 percent.

Even taking this 62 percent as accurate—which it is not—this means that according to the US Census bureau, there were 197.8 million “whites” in America in 2013, out of a total population of 316,128,839.

Juxtaposed against the new figures—a total population of 320,090,857, the total white percentage will have dropped further, even according to the official definitions.

Of course, the actual percentage of whites will be lower than 62 percent, and more likely in the mid-50 percent range.

There are a number of important lessons to be considered from these changing demographics:

Firstly, it has become clear that whites, as a political group, even if they were ever to be unified, have permanently lost the ability to democratically take power and change the country’s political direction;

Secondly, it has become equally clear that minority status for whites in the US is now no more than a decade away; and

Thirdly, that if Europeans are to survive in a majority Third World nation, they will have to start building local communities as the basis for future ethnostates once the inevitable Third World collapse comes—and that this building process has to start sooner rather than later.

Philae Lands on Comet c67P: Another Triumph for European Technology

The European Space Agency’s (ESA) Philae landing craft—which has completed the nearly impossible task of landing on a 34,000 mile per hour comet after a four billion mile, ten-year-long  chase through deep space—is testimony once again to the European peoples’ unsurpassable intelligence, skill, engineering, and scientific knowledge.

philae-descent

The landing, which is as awe-inspiring as the moon-landings of more than thirty years ago—another incredible feat of exclusively European technology—has captured the world’s imagination, but all of the controlled mass media’s coverage has deliberately ignored the reality that the entire project, from beginning to end, is the product of the European race’s unparalleled ability to achieve the nearly unbelievable.

The landing means that European-made craft have now landed on seven bodies in space: the moon, Mars, Venus, Saturn’s moon Titan, two asteroids and comet Tempel-1.

The ESA spacecraft Rosetta has been approaching comet c67P for the past few months, and recently descended into near orbit—just six miles away, or as far away as a small jet aircraft flies above the Earth.

The mission was designed more than 20 years ago: the journey has taken just over 10 years, covering a distance of four billion miles—that’s a million times the distance to the center of the Earth, or the equivalent of eight thousand return trips to the moon.

The journey included no less than three passes of the earth—at different locations in the universe—and one pass by of Mars, each time using those planets’ gravitational fields to gain a boost in the direction of the comet.

Rosetta deployed two solar panels—each the size of four cars—to provide power for the decade-long flight.

While traveling through deep space, Rosetta has studied two planets, two comets, and two asteroids, providing scientists back in Europe with a treasure trove of data—even before it achieved the objective of finally catching up with c67P. This trip also included a “hibernation period” consisting of two and a half years to conserve energy.

Rosetta's_Philae_touchdown

The European-wide effort is apparent from the contributing scientific instruments on board the mission:

The Austrian Space Research Institute developed the lander’s anchor and two sensors within the MUlti-PUrpose Sensors for Surface and Sub-Surface Science (MUPUS) instrument, which will measure the density, thermal and mechanical properties of the comet’s surface).

While the University of Münster built MUPUS, it was designed and built in the Space Research Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences.

The French Space Agency together with some scientific laboratories (IAS, SA, LPG, LISA) provided the system’s overall engineering, radio communications, and battery assembly; the COmet Nucleus Sounding Experiment by Radiowave Transmission (CONSERT) equipment which will use electromagnetic wave propagation to determine the comet’s internal structure.

The Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology developed the Comet Nucleus Infrared and Visible Analyzer (ÇIVA), which is a group of six identical micro-cameras that take panoramic pictures of the surface and which contains a spectrometer to study the composition, texture and albedo (reflectivity) of samples collected from the surface of the comet; and the ground segment (overall engineering and development/operation of the Scientific Operation & Navigation Center).

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The German Space Agency (DLR) has provided the structure, thermal subsystem, flywheel, the Active Descent System (procured by DLR but made in Switzerland); the Rosetta Lander Imaging System (ROLIS), the downward-looking camera; and the Surface Electric Sounding and Acoustic Monitoring Experiments (SESAME) which will use three instruments to measure properties of the comet’s outer layers. It has also managed the project and undertook the level product assurance.

The Braunschweig University of Technology built the Rosetta Lander Magnetometer and Plasma Monitor (ROMAP), which is a magnetometer and plasma sensor to study the nucleus’s magnetic field and its interactions with the solar wind.

The Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research made the payload engineering, eject mechanism, landing gear, anchoring harpoon, and central computer; the  COmetary SAmpling and Composition instrument (COASC), a combined gas chromatograph and time-of-flight mass spectrometer which will perform analysis of soil samples and determine the content of volatile components; and the Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) which detects alpha particles and X-rays, and will provide information on the elemental composition of the comet’s surface.

The Command and Data Management Subsystem (CDMS), which is the fault tolerant central computer of the lander, was designed in the Wigner Research Center for Physics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

The Power Subsystem (PSS), which assured that the power coming from the batteries and solar arrays were properly aligned, controlled the battery charging and managed the onboard power distribution, was designed in the Department of Broadband Infocommunications and Electromagnetic Theory at Budapest University of Technology and Economics.

The Finnish Meteorological Institute provided the Memory of the CDMS system and the Permittivity Probe (PP) which will investigate the electrical characteristics of the way that sound travels through the surface of the comet.

The Italian Space Agency (ASI) has provided the Drill, Sample, and Distribution subsystem (SD2) which will obtain soil samples from the comet at depths of 0 to 230 millimeters (0.0 to 9.1 in) and distribute them to other subsystems for analysis; and the Photo Voltaic Assembly. The industrial contractors are respectively Tecnospazio SpA and Galileo Avionica SpA.

Space Technology Ireland Ltd. at Maynooth University has designed, constructed, and tested the Electrical Support System Processor Unit (ESS) for the Rosetta mission. ESS stores, transmits, and provides decoding for the command streams passing from the spacecraft to the lander and handles the data streams coming back from the scientific experiments on the lander to the spacecraft.

The Moog Bradford, based in Heerle, the Netherlands, provided the Active Descent System (ADS) that is intended to provide the required impulse to ensure that Philae descended toward the nucleus of the comet. To accomplish the ADS, a strategic industrial team was formed with Bleuler-Baumer Mechanik in Switzerland.

The Open University and the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (RAL) developed the PTOLEMY system, an instrument used to measuring stable isotope ratios of key volatiles on the comet’s nucleus. RAL has also constructed the blankets that keep the lander warm throughout its mission. Surrey Satellites Technology Ltd. (SSTL) constructed the momentum wheel for the lander. It stabilized the module during the descent and landing phases.

Groundbreaking Study of Ancient DNA Reveals Genetic Commonality to Modern Europeans

Groundbreaking genetic analysis of a 37,000-year-old human bone from Russia has revealed that modern Europeans have remained genetically identical from that time onward—and that there are increasing numbers of holes in the “out-of-Africa” theory of human development.

The DNA analysis, published in a recent issue of the journal Science (“Genomic structure in Europeans dating back at least 36,200 years”, Science, DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa0114), looked at a genome sequence from a Russian man known as “Kostenki 14” (or K14 for short), found at Kostenki-Borshchevo, north of the Black Sea.

Kostenki 14. Image from the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography.
Kostenki 14. Image from the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography.

The remains date from 38,700 to 36,200 years ago, and are one of the oldest fossils of anatomically modern humans from anywhere in Europe.

According to the study’s synopsis, the analysis revealed that “K14 shares a close ancestry with the 24,000-year-old Mal’ta boy from central Siberia, European Mesolithic hunter-gatherers, some contemporary western Siberians, and many Europeans, but not eastern Asians.”

Furthermore, the study found, the K14 genome “shows evidence of shared ancestry with a population basal to all Eurasians that also relates to later European Neolithic farmers.”

Significantly, K14’s genes include signature traces of DNA long thought to have been part of separate movements into Europe, Eske Willerslev, a geneticist at the University of Copenhagen and co-author of the study, said in a media interview.

“One of the surprising things is that if you go 37,000 years back in time, you find all the major genetic components that are present in modern Europeans,” Willerslev added.

This means that Europe’s past is actually a single genetic whole, even if it was created by a continuous flow over millennia. This discovery is bound to cause consternation among those who quite falsely argue that European history has always been “mixed,” racially-speaking.

The Kostenki fossils were excavated in 1954 by a Russian team led by A. N. Rogachev (left) and are among the oldest for modern humans in Europe. (Photograph by the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography.)
The Kostenki fossils were excavated in 1954 by a Russian team led by A. N. Rogachev (left) and are among the oldest for modern humans in Europe. (Photograph by the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography.)

Traditionally, historians have believed that there were groups of hunter-gatherers, “moving from Africa into Europe beginning about 40,000 years ago.”

Much later, they suggested, a separate group of farmers and herders left the Middle East and made their way north, eventually out-competing the hunter-gatherer locals and forming the basis for the modern European genome. It was the introduction of agriculture by this second wave of people—the so-called Neolithic Revolution—which was such a pivotal moment in prehistory.

While there is no question that there was a cultural shift from hunter-gatherer to agricultural, the new DNA evidence from K14 suggests that the bearers of this culture were one and the same people.

“You wouldn’t predict if you go back to one of our earliest individuals, all the components of modern Europeans were already there,” Willerslev added.

Genes once thought to have arrived with the first farmers, for instance, now seem to have been around much earlier.

Instead of separate groups colliding and occasionally mingling, Willerslev said it seemed that there was actually a single, genetically similar population sprawling across the continent, from Russia to the Middle East to northern Europe.

“Rather than separate populations moving into each other’s’ areas and having sex with each other,” he says, “there was a single ‘meta-population’ having sex—or exchanging genes—in a complex and heterogeneous way.”

Furthermore, Kostenki man’s DNA shows that he was unrelated to East Asians or Australo-Melanesians—which is highly problematic for the “diverging out of Africa” theory, which would have implied that these racial groups only diverged after “leaving Africa” rather than before, as the theory has always postulated.

Canadian Indian Ban on Mixed-Race Couples Comes under Attack

A 1981 law by the Canadian Mohawk Council of Kahnawake which forbids tribe members who marry outside of their race from living within their reservation has come under attack with a series of court cases designed to force their repeal.

The existence of the ban on residents’ rights for racially-mixed marriages was previously little known outside of the Indian reservation of Kahnawake, which is located on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, Canada, across from Montreal.

The tribe has of late begun issuing eviction notices to those who have married outside of their race, and five of these individuals have now resorted to the Canadian Courts to get the law overturned.

A sign put up by Indians outside the house of one of their tribe members who has married outside of their race in the Kahnawake reserve.
A sign put up by Indians outside the house of one of their tribe members who has married outside of their race in the Kahnawake reserve.

Acting on over 100 complaints, the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake voted in February to evict 26 non-natives from the reserve in a bid to preserve “our own culture and language,” according to council spokesperson Joe Delaronde. A second wave of over 30 eviction notices was sent out in April. Recipients were given ten days to leave.

According to a tribal newsletter, published on the tribe’s website in September 2014, the ban on residence for racially-mixed marriages was adopted on May 22, 1981.

According to the tribal newsletter, a person had to have 50 percent Indian blood to be recognized as an Indian and any Mohawk who married a non-native would have to leave the community with benefits administered by the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake suspended.

“This was an important time for our community in that the issue of membership was taken into our own hands for survival as Indian people,” the newsletter said.

Michael Delisle, Grand Chief of the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake, told media that the ban on non-native people living on Mohawk territory goes back years—even decades—to the Indian Act, first passed in 1876.

He said it came to a head in the 1970s, culminating with the 1981 moratorium on mixed marriages on Kahnawake soil.

“This was discussed further, but for all intents and purposes, it’s looking to be enforced even more strongly,” Delisle said.

He said Kahnawake’s limited real estate means the 6,500-person community’s ability to grow is stunted, and allowing non-natives onto the reservation takes space away from Mohawks.

Delisle also made the case that non-native people living in Kahnawake largely benefit from the same perks Mohawks are entitled to, notably tax exemption.

He said there are approximately 100 non-native people living in Kahnawake who are either married, in common-law relationships, or are simply just living there.

Delisle said enforcing the “marry out, stay out” rule is not about excluding non-native people, but rather about preserving Mohawk lineage.

“All we are trying to do is preserve, not only culture and language and identity, but who we are as a people, and those days of incorporating others into our society, I won’t say is over, but it needs to be controlled by us, and not by outside entities,” Delisle said.

Kahnawake resident Rhonda Bush told CBC News that that the measure was reasonable.

“It isn’t a debate. You’re not supposed to be here if you’re non-native,” she told CBC News. She said marrying out of the community means the person is making a choice not to live by the Mohawk territory’s rules.

“You get called different things; you get called racist, but it’s a known fact. We all know that,” Bush said. “White people can live wherever they want. This [land] is for us.”

The 1981 law was added to by the 1984 Mohawk Law on Membership and the 2003 Kahnawake Membership Law, which was in turn based on the 1985 amendment to Canada’s original Indian Act.

In terms of the 1985 amendment, tribes, or “bands” were given the right to determine their own membership. Section 10 of that amendment specifically allows Indians to enact their own membership or citizenship codes, according to two principles:  the majority of the tribe’s electors must consent to the band’s taking control of membership, and to the set of membership rules (which must include a review mechanism); and the membership rules cannot deprive a person of previously acquired rights to membership.

Once the band controls its membership list, Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) has no power to make additions or deletions, and has no further responsibilities regarding the band list.

It is thus unlikely—without a repeal of the 1985 amendment to the Indian Act—that the current court cases will be able to overturn the Mohawk mixed-marriages act, and the only point of debate will be how far the reservation has the authority to exclude non-Indians from their territory.

The scenario is of particular interest to ethno-nationalists from around the world, as it is another example of nonwhites being granted the right to organize on racial grounds, whereas any whites attempting to do the same are dismissed as “racists.”

Etho-nationalists from all races will likely be hopeful that the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake will be successful in defending their right to live in a homogenous society, and to maintain their unique identity.

Discovery of 6,000-Year-Old Ukraine Temple Offers Glimpse into Ancient Indo-European Daily Life

The unearthing of a 6,000-year-old massive temple complex in central Ukraine has offered a rare glimpse into everyday life of the Indo-European people at about the time of their first major invasions of Europe and the Middle East.

The temple measures 60 by 20 meters (197 by 66 feet) and was made of wood and clay. Originally two stories tall it was surrounded by a galleried courtyard. The temple and settlement were burned down after they were abandoned.
The temple measures 60 by 20 meters (197 by 66 feet) and was made of wood and clay. Originally two stories tall it was surrounded by a galleried courtyard. The temple and settlement were burned down after they were abandoned.

The temple, which was part of a town that once covered an enormous 238 hectares (588 acres) and would have contained more than 1,200 buildings and nearly 50 streets, was first detected by a geophysical survey in 2009 near the modern-day city of Nebelivka, but has only now been subjected to the first intensive archeological excavations.

The location of Nebelivka, Kirovograd Domain, Ukraine.
The location of Nebelivka, Kirovograd Domain, Ukraine.

“The high-resolution plot shows the features of a typical mega-site plan structured around two concentric circuits of houses, with mostly empty space between the circuits, almost 50 internal radial streets, a scatter of features outside the outer circuit, enclosed within a boundary ditch, and an apparently ‘empty’ core area,” wrote the study authors in the research report published in the journal Antiquity. The temple was made of wood and clay and measured about 60 by 20 meters (196 by 66 feet) in size. It had two levels and was surrounded by a galleried courtyard. The upper level was divided into five rooms, which were once decorated with red paint.

On top of a platform on this level, archaeologists found numerous burnt lamb bones. Archaeologists have speculated that this could be part of an animal sacrifice ritual, or it could also easily have been a communal barbeque area.

Inside the temple archaeologists found the remains of eight clay platforms that likely served as altars.
Inside the temple archaeologists found the remains of eight clay platforms that likely served as altars.

The excavated lower levels of the temple contained a large number of animal bones and pottery fragments, and the remains of eight clay platforms, which may have been used as altars.

Significantly, the structure and layout of the temple is similar to other temples of the same era found in ancient Middle East cities, such as those in Anatolia (present-day Turkey) and Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).

The cultural similarity between the different sites indicates that the same people—Indo-Europeans—were likely responsible for the structures in the various areas, all of which fell to the great Indo-European invasions which followed the flooding of the Black Sea basin around 7,000 years ago.

Other items unearthed at the Ukraine temple site included small rolled gold ornaments, probably used in hair decorations, bone ornaments, and unusual small statues which, at a stretch, are claimed to resemble humans, although this is by no means certain.

These tiny gold pendants, less than an inch in size, were also discovered at the temple, which would have sprawled some 238 hectares (588 acres), according to recent geomagnetic surveys. The pendants may have been worn on someone’s hair.
These tiny gold pendants, less than an inch in size, were also discovered at the temple, which would have sprawled some 238 hectares (588 acres), according to recent geomagnetic surveys. The pendants may have been worn on someone’s hair.

temple-03

The figures appear similar to those found at other Trypillian sites, once again indicating a commonality of culture and people. The Cucuteni-Trypillian culture is the name given to the Neolithic–Eneolithic archaeological culture (ca. 4800 to 3000 BC) found in Eastern Europe which extends from the Carpathian Mountains to the Dniester and Dnieper regions, centered on modern-day Moldova and covering substantial parts of western Ukraine and northeastern Romania.

Archaeologists also found a variety of clay tokens inside the temple. Artifacts like these were used for counting and game playing in the ancient world.
Archaeologists also found a variety of clay tokens inside the temple. Artifacts like these were used for counting and game playing in the ancient world.

The Trypillian culture established cities to accommodate up to 15,000 inhabitants, being some of the largest settlements in Neolithic European history.

The illustrations on decorative items and other artifacts retrieved confirm that the society was matriarchal and that the people living in these settlements farmed the land using ploughs, produced handicrafts, and had a form of religious belief regarding mankind’s origins and the afterlife.

Researchers have noted that there are indications that the inhabitants of these settlements would burn the entire village every 60 to 80 years and then build on top of the ruins.

There is no explanation for this practice, but one location in Romania has as many as thirteen levels of foundations that were built upon. Like other Trypillian cities, the newly-discovered settlement also showed evidence of having being burnt down after it was abandoned.

The Ethnostate

The-Ethnostate-FrontcoverwebBy Wilmot Robertson. First published in 1993 by the author of The Dispossessed Majority, this seminal work on ethnonationalism lays out the practical and moral necessity for the creation of a European ethnostate, either in America or Europe, as the only way in which the European people and civilization can be saved from the imminent swamping of the First World by the Third.

This book does not deal with the “how” of such a state is to be achieved, but is rather focused on why it is necessary and what its structure should be.

After first properly enunciating the need for a smaller homogenous state—as opposed to minority status in a large polyglot country—he delves into what should the preferred political structures, economic systems, educational standards, moral and social norms, the requirements of art and culture—and almost every other facet of an organized society.

This, he argues, is necessary to regenerate European civilization after what he sees—and appears increasingly likely—as the final collapse of the United States of America, and, very likely, Western Europe under a Third World tsunami.

“Events are proving that America, as we have known it, is beyond saving. The Majority, that is, the Northern and Western European elements of the population, has lost whatever chance it had to recapture the country it ruled for more than two centuries. Defeatist as it may sound, this does not mean it is too late to save the Majority as a people. . . .

“The beauty of the ethnostate is that, although it rests solidly on race, it promises great benefits to all races. In no way does it suggest the superiority of any one race, subrace or population group.

“A small, preponderantly EuroAmerican state cut out of the dying husk of America would be a step forward, not a step backward, in statecraft.

“Westerners who are obsessed with the dismaying dysgeny of the modern world and refuse to consider the time factor and its restorative powers are simply not being realistic. There is a mountain of optimism out there for people who take the long view.

“Men and women of European descent who note the decline in their numbers have a right to worry about the future, since numerically most other peoples are either holding their own or increasing. But even here there is room for optimism. Accepting 800 million as the current world population of Europeans, either in their original homelands or overseas, this figure is at least eight times higher than it was half a millennium ago. If a race can octuple itself in five centuries and reduce its size by half in three or four generations, as now looks to be the case, the least that can be said about it is that it has a very flexible birthrate. Such flexibility might enable it to reverse its present decline by increasing its current fertility rate by only 30%.

“Europeans seem to go through cycles of massive energy outputs—the Dorian invasion of Greece, the folk wanderings that ended the Roman Empire, the settlement of North America and Australasia, the overrunning of Africa and considerable parts of Asia. Who can say that we have seen the last of such racial dynamism?

“If a state perishes, the damage is not necessarily irreparable. The founding race may still be around, still fertile enough to engender other states and other cultures and civilizations.”

About the author. Wilmot Robertson was the pen name of John Humphrey Ireland (1915–2005). Born in Pennsylvania, Robertson studied at Yale and after serving in the US Army during World War II, had a successful career in journalism and advertising. Concern over where America was headed persuaded him to write his most famous work, The Dispossessed Majority, in 1972. The success of his book persuaded Robertson to start his equally famous Instauration magazine, which was published from 1975 to 2001. He died aged 90 at home in North Carolina.

£8.95 / $12.71 plus shipping available at Ostara Publications.

Black Detroit’s Collapse Dramatically Captured by Google Streetview 2008–2013

The black-controlled city of Detroit’s ongoing collapse into ruins has been vividly captured on camera by Google streetview images taken over a five year period from 2008 to 2013.

The comparative streetviews show how the infrastructure of what was once one of the greatest cities in America—when it was majority white—is literally collapsing into ruins now that the European population has been ethnically cleansed from the city.

01 - Bryden Street

The racial sea change in Detroit provides the key to understanding the collapse in that city.

In 1930, 92.3% of Detroit’s population was white.

In 1940, 90.8% of Detroit’s population was white.

In 1950, 83.63% of Detroit’s population was white.

In 1960, 70.8% of Detroit’s population was white.

In 1970, 56.0% of Detroit’s population was white.

In 1980, 35.7% of Detroit’s population was white.

In 1990, 22.2% of Detroit’s population was white.

In 2000, 12.3% of Detroit’s population was white.

According to the 2010 US Census, some 7.8 percent of the city’s population was classified as white. This is however a self-classification, and the actual percentage of white people in this African and Hispanic city are substantially less, as any visitor will confirm.

02 - Boulder St

03 - Arndt Street

04 - Pfent Street

05 - Hazelridge

06 - Thaddeus and Leigh Street

07 - Eastwood

08 - Hickory Street

09 - Hickory Street

10 - Hoyt